Zambia country page
Eastern & Southern Africa

Zambia, a resource-rich, landlocked nation in Southern Africa, is sparsely populated and faces exposure to a range of hazards. Primarily, the country contends with epidemics like cholera outbreaks, and a growing frequency and intensity of seasonal droughts, floods, flash floods, extreme temperatures, and dry spells. The mining industry's toxic tailing contributes to the risk of water and land contamination. Additionally, Zambia's high vulnerability to climate-induced hazards such as droughts, floods, pest infestations, and landslides significantly impacts its predominantly agricultural society. With about 72% of Zambians working in agriculture, nearly 65% of whom are women, smallholder farmers reliant on rain-fed farming practices are especially susceptible to climate variability and change. These vulnerabilities are further intensified by unsustainable land-use practices.

In response to a request from the Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit (DMMU) through the Resident Coordinator Office, the CADRI Partnership initiated a scoping mission in November 2021. However, due to concurrent national activities, the capacity diagnosis was postponed. Re-engagement was confirmed in the summer of 2023, leading to a government-led capacity diagnosis mission in September 2023, involving 27 international and regional experts from various agencies including FAO, IOM, World Vision, UNDP, UNDAC, UNFPA, WFP, UNOCHA, UNICEF, ADRA, and the Zambia Red Cross Society. The engagement involved consultations with 23 government ministries and agencies, 7 civil society organizations, 1 local government institution, and 1 multilateral organization, assessing disaster risk reduction systems and management capacities. The findings and recommendations aim to support the implementation of Zambia's 8th National Development Plan and the United Nations Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework (UNSDCF) 2023-2027.