Western & Central Africa
The Gambia is prone to frequent extreme weather events causing droughts and floods. Lack of proper irrigation systems and poor land use practices lead to low agricultural productivity. Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water are the main causes of water-borne diseases like diarrhea, cholera and meningitis. Climate change acts as a magnifier of existing climate-related hazards. This for the Gambia implies unevenly distributed and erratic rainfall, more unpredictably in severe flash floods, and the return period of drought, aridity and sea level rise.