Disaster Profile

Madagascar is prone to cyclones, floods and droughts. Cyclones pose the largest threat and have the highest death toll on average. Cyclones in Madagascar have a substantial potential to cause large losses to crops and infrastructure and may negatively affect economic performance. The economic losses caused during the 2008 hurricane season were estimated at USD 33 million, with agricultural and infrastructure destruction, estimated at 4% of the country's GDP. In addition, mining activities in several regions of Madagascar increase the country's vulnerability to environmental disasters such as chemical and industrial accidents.

CADRI Support to Madagascar

In 2012, the Government of Madagascar and the UN Country Team (UNCT) undertook a capacity assessment in disaster risk reduction, including preparedness for response, with support from CADRI. The capacity development support from CADRI was complemented by UNDP's Global Risk Identification Program, focusing on undertaking a Country Situation Analysis (CSA) for Risk Assessment and Local Risk Assessment.

The inter-agency capacity assessment mission was conducted by a multi-disciplinary team composed of CADRI, GRIP, OCHA, UNISDR, and the UNCT. The mission included interviews carried out at central level and in 4 districts covering 11 regions (Betsiboka, Boeny, Melaky, Menabe, Diana, Analanjirofo, Alaotra Moangoro, Atsinanana, Atsimo Atsinanana, Androy, Anosy). The National Plan of Action for Disaster Risk Reduction (2013-2017) is currently under the implementation phase by the Government and UNCT.

The objective of the CSA was to evaluate the nature, quality and level of existing information on past disasters in Madagascar. The findings of the CSA provided the basis for defining a direction and roadmap for conducting a National Risk Assessment and developing national capacities for Disaster Risk Assessment.

In addition, in 2013, CADRI conducted a mission with the UNEP-OCHA Joint Environmental Emergencies Section to evaluate industrial risks related to pipelines, chemical storage sites, road and rail transportation, and abandoned industrial sites in Toamasina. Based on these findings, key recommendations included conducting a detailed risk assessment and establishing a plan for preparedness and response for Toamasina; conducting training sessions on awareness and preparedness for emergencies at local level related to major chemical risks; and improving Madagascar’s legal framework concerning large-scale industrial and mining investments.

Based on the capacity assessment and the CSA findings, the Government developed and validated a National Plan of Action for Capacity Development in DRR with support from CADRI in 2013, currently under implementation. The capacity development activities provided in the National Plan are categorized according to the five Hyogo Framework for Action priority areas, namely:

  • institutional arrangements for disaster risk reduction
  • risk identification, assessment and communication
  • knowledge, training and education
  • reducing underlying risk factors
  • enhancing disaster preparedness and response capacities

Based on request, technical support from CADRI partner agencies will be available for the implementation of certain capacity development activities in the National Plan.