Disaster Profile

Ghana is prone to floods, coastal erosion, epidemics and droughts. Micro seismic studies indicate that southern Ghana is prone to earthquakes. In 2007, severe floods hit the northern parts of Ghana causing human fatalities and infrastructural damage. Over 350,000 people were affected and approximately 75,000 were rendered food insecure. The economic impact of the 2007 floods is estimated at USD 130 million in damage and loss.

CADRI Support to Ghana

In October 2010, at the request of the Resident Coordinator, CADRI provided support to Ghana by participating in the SPP National Response Capacity Assessment, a project aimed at building on a diversified partnership at global, regional and national level, including UN agencies, NGO partners, donors, and regional institutions, by providing a holistic approach and methodology in assessing and developing national capacity for effective response. The SPP National Response Capacity Assessment was conducted in October 2010 by a multi-disciplinary team with wide ranging experiences within the area of disaster management, emergency preparedness and response, and disaster risk reduction.  An inter-agency workshop was convened to review the proposed recommendations and priority activities of the SPP Assessment. These recommendations were incorporated into the Government’s National Plan of Action for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation (2011-2015). The National Plan is currently under implementation by the Government and key partners.

The objective of the SPP National Response Capacity Assessment was to evaluate the effectiveness of the emergency preparedness and response capacity of the Government

  • including of the National Disaster Management Organization (NADMO)
  • review the legal aspects and organizational structure at national level for disaster risk reduction and preparedness
  • take stock of existing and required technical, financial and human capacities for the coordination of DRR and preparedness activities among the Government, UN agencies and key partners.

The assessment also included field trips to Northern Region, Volta Region, and Western Region.

In accordance with the recommendations of the Capacity Assessment, the Government’s National Plan of Action (Ghana Plan of Action for DRR and Climate Change Adaptation 2011-2015) comprises five focus areas aligned with each of the five Hyogo Framework Actions (HFA) priority actions addressing the critical gaps, including the necessary resources for the period 2011-2015 allocated for both first-line emergency services and disaster management programmes, in the form of a common fund (total budget of USD 78 million). The HFA capacity development activities provided in the National Plan are categorized according to the five HFA priority areas, namely: institutional arrangements for disaster risk reduction; risk identification, assessment and communication; knowledge, training and education; reducing underlying risk factors; and enhancing disaster preparedness and response capacities.
The National Plan is currently under implementation and monitoring by the Government and key partners. Subsequent technical support from CADRI partner agencies will be available for the implementation of certain capacity development activities in the National Plan.