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Disaster Profile

Albania is prone to geologic hazards (earthquakes, rock falls and landslides), hydro-meteorological hazards (flooding and torrential rains, droughts, snowstorms, high snowfall and windstorms), biophysical hazards (forest fires and epidemics), and other hazards such as dam bursts, avalanches and technological hazards (industrial pollution, toxic wastes, transport accidents, factory explosions and chemical spills). The two most recurrent hazards in Albania are floods and earthquakes. Disaster impacts are exacerbated by Albania’s high poverty levels, with over 47% of Albanians living below the poverty line; limited infrastructure maintenance; unsafe regulation on construction and land use practices resulting from rapid urbanization and exploitation of natural resources.

CADRI Support to Albania

The capacity assessment mission in Albania was organized in support of the South East Europe Disaster Risk Mitigation and Adaptation Programme (SEEDRMAP), for which UNDP, WMO, ISDR, and World Bank collaborated in their respective areas of comparative advantage. Similar capacity assessment missions are also conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo (as per UNSC resolution 1244), Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey. The capacity assessment complemented the needs assessment conducted in 2010 in all beneficiary countries of the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance, a funding mechanism of the European Union.

The Capacity Assessment was conducted using the CADRI methodology according to the five Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) priority areas, namely:

  • institutional arrangements for disaster risk reduction risk identification, assessment and communication
  • knowledge, training and education
  • reducing underlying risk factors
  • enhancing disaster preparedness and response capacities.

The results of the DRR capacity assessment contributed to the development of national components as part of the regional capacity development component of the SEEDRMAP.