Kosovo (as per UN resolution 1244)

Disaster Profile

Kosovo (as per UNSC resolution 1244) is prone to earthquakes, floods, landslides, drought, heavy snowfall, water reservoir dam bursts, and forest fires. Since the end of the conflict in 1999, the country has experienced an unprecedented construction boom and growth of urban areas, which, when unregulated, poses a serious threat by putting the population at a higher risk, particularly with regard to floods. Approximately 43 percent of the country’s territory is covered by forests and bushes. Since 2000 there have been an increasing number of forest fires. The country is located in a seismically active area. The recent 5.2 magnitude earthquake (2012) in the eastern part of the country highlights the importance of implementing measures for disaster risk reduction, and preparedness for response.

CADRI Support to Kosovo (as per UNSC resolution 1244)

The capacity assessment mission in Kosovo (as per UNSC resolution 1244) was implemented in support of the South East Europe Disaster Risk Mitigation and Adaptation Programme (SEEDRMAP), for which UNDP, WMO, ISDR, and World Bank collaborated in their respective areas of comparative advantage. Similar capacity assessment missions are also conducted for Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey. The capacity assessment complemented the needs assessment conducted in 2010 in all beneficiary countries of the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance, a funding mechanism of the European Union. The assessment provided insight into key gaps and challenges related to disaster risk reduction, including preparedness for response, and offered recommendations on how these capacities can be reinforced. Based on recommendations of the capacity assessment report, in June 2012, Kosovo (as per UNSC resolution 1244) developed and validated the Plan of Action for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation covering the period of 2012-2015. The Plan of Action is currently under implementation by the national authorities and their international cooperation partners.

Based on recommendations of the Disaster Risk Reduction Capacity Assessment report, Kosovo (as per UNSC resolution 1244), with support from CADRI and its international cooperation partners, developed a Plan of Action for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation (2012-2015). Endorsed in May 2012, the Plan of Action serves to facilitate contributions from all relevant stakeholders into a unified framework. The capacity development activities provided within the Plan are categorized according to the five Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) priority areas, namely:

  • institutional arrangements for disaster risk reduction
  • risk identification, assessment and communication
  • knowledge, training and education; reducing underlying risk factors
  • enhancing disaster preparedness and response capacities.

The Plan of Action is currently under implementation by the authorities and the international cooperation partners.