Jordan

Risk Profile

Jordan is exposed to natural hazards such as earthquakes, flash floods and drought. Due to high population growth and density, and the physical infrastructure vulnerabilities, the frequent seismic activity in the region can have a serious impact. Flash floods are increasing due to rapid urbanization and insufficient drainage systems. Recurrent droughts have also caused significant economic stress especially on agriculture, with adverse implications for food security, which is already strained due to the massive influx of refugee populations.

Capacity Assessment in DRR

At the request of the UN Resident Coordinator to the CADRI Board, the CADRI Partnership in collaboration with UNISDR organized a scoping mission to Jordan from 17th September-1st October 2016 with the objective to define the scope, thematic focus, modality and timeline of engagement of the CADRI Partnership in Jordan. Following the scoping mission, a capacity assessment mission was organized from 17 September to 2nd October 2017.

National Programme for Disaster Management and Resilience

The main objective of the capacity assessment mission led by the Jordanian government and facilitated by the CADRI Partnership was to focus on national and sub-national capacities for DRM in Jordan. There was a strong emphasis of governance arrangements including coordination, institutional set up and decentralized structures, as well as on preparedness for response. There was an analysis of the following elements: understanding disaster risk; strengthening governance institutions to manage disaster risks at national and local levels; investing in economic, social, cultural and environmental resilience; and preparing for response and recovery at national and local levels.

The capacity assessment placed a special emphasis on assessing local DRM capacities. Field visits to 3 locations (Mafriq and Irbid, Amman and Zarqa, Aqaba and Petra) presenting different hazard profiles were conducted. This helped draw insights on how risks materialize into disasters at the local level, and how sub-national administrative structures manage disaster risks, prepare, respond and help affected communities recover.

The overall capacity assessment was closely coordinated by the General Directorate of Civil Defense and the National Centre for Security and Crisis Management and various other national government bodies, the UN country team, National Red Crescent and other UN agencies particularly UNDAC managed by OCHA due to the specific focus on preparedness capacities.