Disaster risk reduction
Disaster risk reduction (DRR) refers to a broad spectrum of work that includes prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery.
UNISDR secretariat describes DRR as:
“The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events.”
The Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) identifies five priority areas for action relating to DRR:
- Ensure that DRR is a national and local priority.
- Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning.
- Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels.
- Reduce underlying risk factors.
- Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels.
Capacity development is central to these five priorities – without it, they cannot be achieved. Major disasters of this new century have only underscored how imperative capacity development is to reducing disaster risk. Since the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004, hurricanes Katrina, Rita and Nargis have caused unprecedented destruction, and large areas of China, India and Pakistan have been devastated by earthquakes. Such traumatic events drive home two realities:
- Disaster can reverse hard-won development gains, illustrating how poverty and environmental degradation are directly related to vulnerability.
- Developing capacity is crucial to reducing the risk of disaster.
For more information, please go to http://www.preventionweb.net/